The presidential elections of 1824 and 1828 introduced new ways of campaigning, and states gave suffrage to more people, making the country more democratic, though some groups were still excluded. A new tariff law split the North and South; though a compromise was reached, it signaled growing sectionalism. President Andrew Jackson got Congress to pass a law that forced Native Americans in southeastern states to give up their lands and move west. Jackson forced the National Bank to close. Economic problems allowed the Whig Party to rise in power, but after 1844 it lost the presidency.